agens intellectus: agent intellect: the power that transforms potential knowledge into actual knowledge; produces universal concepts
Alfarabi on the Intellect
Ockham’s Razor : “pluralitas non est ponenda sine necessitate”, a principle that recommends the hypothesis introducing the fewest new assumptions or theoretical postulates, something whose existence seems to be required to explain the way things are
perspectiva: perspectives: science of the optics
rationes seminales: forms of the eternal reasons
real universal: real universals are distinguished mental universals. Mental universals exist only in the mind, while real universals exist in the external world.
syllogistic logic: a type of logical argument based on deductive reasoning, in which a proposition or conclusion of some sort is inferred from other premises
universal: concepts or natures that are true of groups of things. For example, the universal that corresponds to the species of man is humanity.
voluntarism: the belief that the goodness or badness of acts depends on our intentions rather than the acts themselves or their effects. What determines the goodness of our intentions is their conformity to right reason and God's will