Tomorrow's Professor Msg.#170 Teaching Objectives - Action Verbs

 
Folks:

The City University of Hong Kong's Professional Development and Quality
Service center [http://www.cityu.edu.hk/pdqs/] has some very useful
material on methods and ideas to promote better teaching. In particular:
"It provides a practical, quick reference for lecturers who are interested
in extending their presentation and instruction techniques, in methods of
assessment and evaluation, in Flexible Learning Technology (media,
multimedia, computer-based instruction, computer mediated communication).
The articles are practical and jargon free. They may serve as checklists
for lecture preparation, as suggestions for teaching or course planning."

All articles are grouped under broad categories such as:

Media

Making Overhead Transparencies
Preparing a Tape-Slide Program
Video Recording for Classroom Activities

Computing

Evaluating Educational Software
Spreadsheets and Module Administration
Giving Electronic Mail Feedback

Instruction

Active Learning in Large Classes
Asking Questions
Giving Explanations to Students
Managing Tutorials
Planning Lectures
Teaching Objectives - Action Verbs
Writing Instructional Objectives
Delivering Lectures
Role Play
Improving the Effectiveness of Lectures

Assessment and Evaluation

Constructing Multiple Choice Items (1)
Choosing Suitable Assessment Tasks
How to Use Early-Term Feedback
Classroom Assessment: The Minute Paper

The editor of the service is Anthony Kan (Tony). Below is an example from
the list on teaching objectives, action verbs.

Regards,

Rick Reis
reis@stanford.edu
UP NEXT: Higher Education: The Vision [2015]


-------------------- 331 words ---------------------

TEACHING OBJECTIVES, ACTIVE VERBS

When writing teaching objectives, it isn't sufficient to just write
'understand' or 'know' . . . because your expectation of anticipated
learning outcomes is not defined as clearly as it could be. Different types
of learning require different behaviours or skills, different types of
instruction and assessment of outcomes. If the action verbs used in writing
objectives are not sufficiently well-defined, assessment is unlikely to be
testing the required learning outcome.

Action verbs for teaching objectives should be:

Measurable
Observable
Definable
Understandable

They can be applied to different levels of learning/performance in
different domains. Here we will deal with Action Verbs related to the
Cognitive and Affective domains.

Levels of learning: Action verbs

Cognitive domain

KNOWLEDGE
define, describe, identify, label, list, match, outline, reproduce,
select, state

COMPREHENSION
convert, defend, distinguish, estimate, explain, extend, generalize,
give example, infer, paraphrase, predict, rewrite, summarize

APPLICATION
change, compute, demonstrate, discover, manipulate, modify, operate,
predict, prepare, produce, relate, show, solve, use

ANALYSIS
break down, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, identify,
illustrate, infer, outline, point out, relate, select, separate,
subdivide

SYNTHESIS
categorize, combine, compile, compose, create, devise, design,
explain, generate, modify, organize, plan, rearrange, revise,
categorize, combine, compile, compose, create, devise,
design, explain, generate, modify, organize, plan, rearrange, revise,
rewrite, summarize, tell, write

EVALUATION
appraise, compare, conclude, contrast, criticize, discriminate,
explain, justify, interpret, relate,summarize, support


Affective domain

RECEIVING (willingness to attend)
ask, choose, describe, follow, give, hold, identify, locate, name,
point to, select, reply, use

RESPONDING (active participation)
answer, assist, compile, conform, discuss, greet, help, label,
perform, practise, present, read, recite, report, select, tell, write

VALUING (worth or value a student attaches to a particular object)
complete, describe, differentiate, explain, follow, form, initiate,
invite, join, justify, propose,read, report, select, share, study,
work,

ORGANIZATION (bringing together different values)
adhere, alter, arrange, combine, compare, complete, defend, explain,
generalize, identify, integrate, modify, order, organize, prepare,
relate, synthesize

CHARACTERIZATION BY A VALUE
act, discriminate, display, influence, listen, modify, perform,
practice, propose, qualify, question, revise, serve, solve, use, verify

Anthony Kan (Tony) (Ext 8483)

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